In addition to legislation, taxation and public health communication are used to influence the health habits of the population. Influencing the general attitude also plays a key role in preventive substance abuse work.
In Finland, alcohol legislation tries to limit access to alcohol. Alcohol taxation impacts the price of alcohol products. The society’s regulation targets the production and sales of alcoholic beverages. Drinking habits, on the other hand, are steered by controlling the price relation between beers, wines and spirits.
Alcoholic beverages are only sold to those over 18 years old and they are not sold to those clearly intoxicated. The number of alcohol shops is limited, and alcohol licences are not issued to all the applicants. The selling times of alcoholic beverages are also regulated.
The tax-free import of alcoholic beverages by passengers from the EU countries has been unrestricted since January 2004. The EU enlargement in May 2004 increased the Finns’ opportunities to import expensive alcoholic beverages. This can be seen in the alcohol consumption statistics.
According to many studies, the harms of alcohol can be diminished by